A Brief Summary of the Russian-Ukraine Conflict

AP Photo/ Vladim Ghirda


Ukraine has significant historical involvement in U.S. foreign policy due to its history and geographic location, and has served as a proxy battle for Russia and the Western bloc. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Russia and Ukraine separated as independent countries. Ukraine became caught between Russia and the West, as Russia tries to win it back and the United States fills Ukraine with Western influence

Recently, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky started talking openly about wanting to join NATO.

In January, partially resulting from President Zelensky’s statement, Russia presented the U.S. with a list of demands for the U.S. and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Some of these demands included requests for NATO to cease eastward expansion (in the direction of Russia), deny NATO membership to Ukraine, and withdraw military infrastructure created in Eastern European states after 1997. The United States and NATO rejected Russia’s demands.


In the past few weeks, Russia amassed around 130,000 troops on the border of Ukraine. As of Friday, Biden warned Americans that a full-scale invasion of Ukraine is imminent. A full-on invasion to seize Ukraine would cause extreme humanitarian consequences with an estimated death toll of over 50,000 and 1-5 million refugees. The U.S. has deployed 3,000 troops to Europe to show solidarity for NATO and will send another 3,000 to Poland. However, U.S. troops will not fight if war begins in Ukraine. The U.S. and its European allies are also creating plans to punish Russia if it invades Ukraine. However, the possible punishments are unlikely due to Russia being a major trading economy, and cutting off Russia would hurt the world economy. Currently, the Biden administration is considering financial sanctions against Russian banks, a ban on exporting advanced technology, penalties on Russian oligarchs, and targeted sanctions (such as killing Nord Stream 2).

Volodymyr Zelensky:

Ukrainian politician, actor, and comedian who has served as the 6th president of Ukraine since May 2019.

NATO

An intergovernmental military alliance between 29 countries.

Sanctions

An action that is taken or an order that is given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc.

Nord Stream 2

A 750-miles pipeline that connects Russia and Germany.


Read More:

https://www.nytimes.com/live/2022/02/11/world/russia-ukraine-news?referringSource=articleShare

https://apnews.com/article/russia-ukraine-business-europe-jens-stoltenberg-romania-7382c43531bad342219a7f92e7039820

https://apnews.com/article/russia-ukraine-business-europe-moscow-berlin-e598acd2cd2726ac2e515fbe99210e6e

https://www.nytimes.com/live/2022/02/12/world/russia-ukraine-news?referringSource=articleShare&login=email&auth=login-email

https://www.npr.org/2022/02/01/1076936492/russia-ukraine-conflict

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/12/17/world/europe/russia-nato-security-deal.html

https://www.vox.com/22917719/russia-ukraine-invasion-border-crisis-nato-explained

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/feb/07/what-have-nord-stream-2-and-gas-got-to-do-with-ukraine-standoff (Information about Nord Stream 2)